WASHINGTON — After four years of free Republican rein, President George W. Bush’s administration came up with what it thought was a sure way to counter the emboldened new Democratic majority on Capitol Hill when it came to the Iraq war in 2007: divide and conquer.
It failed. Democrats, who had just won the House and Senate by running against the war, were not about to suddenly change course. They remained united against the White House, spurring a furious funding fight. The events made it clear that the era of unfettered Republican control of Washington was over and that the two sides needed to come to an accommodation.
The parallels to today are obvious. Democrats believe that they won the House last year partly because of President Trump’s stridency on immigration and aren’t about to accede to his wall demands. The White House and congressional Republicans are finding that Democrats won’t be easily divided. And the two sides are going to need to come to an accommodation through the negotiations that begin on Wednesday or face another conflagration.
The government shutdown was a test of wills; the border funding talks are a test of governance.
Negotiations over border funding, which will have only a couple of weeks to bear fruit before another potential shutdown looms, are the first real experiment in how divided government will or won’t work for the next two years. They could chart a course for future conflicts between Democrats, newly empowered in the House, and Mr. Trump and Senate Republicans, who face a difficult electoral landscape and a need to maintain their base of support.
“Everyone, everyone has skin in the game,” said Senator Chuck Schumer of New York, the Democratic leader.
It was Mr. Schumer who suggested to his Republican counterpart, Senator Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, the majority leader, that the funding feud should be settled by a traditional joint committee of House and Senate appropriators. There were good reasons for that from Mr. Schumer’s perspective.
For starters, it kept House Democrats and their majority leverage as a central element of the negotiations, a priority for Mr. Schumer, who has sought to fend off all attempts by Mr. Trump and Mr. McConnell to break him away from Speaker Nancy Pelosi.
Perhaps more important, the appropriations process has been one of the few areas where Republicans and Democrats have managed to get along pretty well during the Trump administration. They have struck a series of bipartisan compromises that accomplished what the lawmakers wanted even if the White House was not always pleased with the results. It was the willingness of the appropriators to draft consensus spending bills that did not explicitly include wall money that finally caused Mr. Trump to balk, leading to the shutdown.
“We have incredibly skilled members of Congress who are practiced in the art of arriving at a bipartisan agreement,” Representative Hakeem Jeffries of New York, a member of the Democratic leadership, said Tuesday.
By the nature of their role in filling in the details of federal funding bills, Democrats and Republicans on the appropriations committees work closely with one another and know how to cut deals. Lawmakers in both parties believe that they can do the same this time around if left to their own devices and temporarily freed from the harsh partisanship surrounding the shutdown.
“I think we can all come together,” said Representative Kay Granger of Texas, the top Republican on the House Appropriations Committee.
But that is going to require some adjustments on the part of some lawmakers. Despite strong solidarity shown by Democrats so far, Representative Kevin McCarthy of California, the Republican leader, continued on Tuesday to try to sow divisions between Ms. Pelosi and the Democratic rank and file, suggesting many Democrats have shown much more willingness than their leader to back tougher border security.
“I do believe Speaker Pelosi is out of step with her party,” Mr. McCarthy said.
While Democrats might disagree on border security details, they have generally agreed to back new steps deemed effective, efficient and economical. At the same time, Ms. Pelosi’s handling of her showdown with the president has only strengthened her standing in her party, and Mr. McCarthy is unlikely to provoke much separation.
On Tuesday, it was Mr. McCarthy who seemed to be trying to put distance between House Republicans and the politically loaded “W” word, saying Republicans were open to new phraseology if it would settle the fight.
“It could be ‘barrier,’” Mr. McCarthy told reporters. “It doesn’t have to be a wall.”
The overriding sentiment on Capitol Hill, though, was one unifying both parties: find some way through the coming negotiations to reach a deal and avoid a repeat of the shutdown that sent federal employees into food lines, shuttered federal agencies and cost billions of dollars.
“I’m for whatever works that prevents the level of dysfunction we’ve seen on full display the last month,” Mr. McConnell told reporters.
In the 2007 fight, Democrats pushed through a funding measure requiring a timetable for withdrawal from Iraq, drawing a presidential veto Congress could not override. The stalemate led to negotiations that ended with a compromise eliminating the timetable for withdrawal but imposing benchmarks to measure the course of the conflict as public support for the war was declining.
No one was entirely satisfied, but the two parties found a way to work through a seemingly intractable dispute over the defining political issue of the moment in the difficult first months of divided government. Lawmakers face the same challenge today, and the outcome of the negotiations will help determine how productive or destructive the next two years will be.
跑狗俱乐部的主页【同】【样】，【在】【许】【多】【地】【方】，【又】【如】【同】【沈】【浪】【和】【王】【金】【洋】【两】【人】【的】【境】【遇】。 【这】【是】【社】【会】【发】【展】【到】【如】【今】【的】【必】【然】【结】【果】，【市】【场】【竞】【争】【越】【来】【越】【激】【烈】，【总】【有】【一】【些】【人】【通】【过】【其】【他】【手】【段】【爬】【到】【自】【己】【的】【位】【置】，【或】【者】【就】【是】【他】【们】【早】【干】【了】【几】【年】【而】【已】，【而】【总】【会】【有】【人】【郁】【郁】【不】【得】【志】，【没】【有】【施】【展】【的】【空】【间】。 【怀】【才】【就】【像】【怀】【孕】，【时】【间】【久】【了】【才】【能】【看】【的】【出】【来】。 【但】【也】【需】【要】【一】【个】【平】【台】，【让】【人】【看】
【召】【唤】【出】【一】【具】【棺】【材】【之】【后】，【大】【蛇】【丸】【果】【断】【地】【爆】【退】，【直】【接】【脱】【离】【了】【战】【场】【返】【回】【到】【河】【岸】【上】。 【而】【鬼】【鲛】【再】【次】【通】【灵】【出】【无】【数】【的】【鲨】【鱼】，【全】【部】【扑】【向】【了】【大】【蛇】【丸】【原】【本】【所】【在】【的】【位】【子】。 【那】【具】【普】【通】【的】【木】【棺】【就】【像】【是】【洪】【流】【中】【的】【一】【叶】【扁】【舟】，【瞬】【间】【被】【无】【限】【的】【鲨】【鱼】【群】【给】【淹】【没】【了】。 【河】【岸】【上】【的】【大】【蛇】【丸】【眯】【着】【眼】【睛】，【丝】【毫】【不】【在】【意】【自】【己】【的】【忍】【术】【被】【无】【数】【鲨】【鱼】【淹】【没】。 “【再】【次】
【筱】【白】，【星】【际】【时】【代】【一】【人】【之】【下】【万】【人】【之】【上】【的】【执】【行】【官】。 【一】【朝】【睁】【眼】，【成】【了】【蓝】【星】【上】【普】【普】【通】【通】【为】【工】【作】【烦】【恼】【的】【实】【习】【生】【筱】【白】。 【起】【初】，【她】【只】【是】【想】【好】【好】【混】【日】【子】，【享】【受】【一】【下】【提】【前】【退】【休】【的】【养】【老】【生】【活】。 【可】【惜】，【莫】【名】【其】【妙】【就】【收】【不】【住】【手】【了】，【怎】【么】【越】【搞】【动】【静】【越】【大】。 【不】【过】—— 【功】【名】【利】【禄】【都】【是】【虚】【的】，【单】【身】【三】【四】【百】【年】【号】【称】【星】【际】【第】【一】【直】【女】【的】【执】【行】【官】
【寒】【假】【到】【来】，【贺】【母】【从】【京】【城】【来】【江】【城】，【看】【到】【坐】【在】【外】【面】【院】【子】【发】【呆】【的】【贺】【赢】【律】。 “【小】【律】。” “【奶】【奶】！” 【贺】【赢】【律】【扭】【头】，【看】【到】【贺】【母】【就】【站】【在】【后】【门】，【拍】【拍】【身】【上】【的】【草】【屑】，【跑】【到】【了】【她】【面】【前】。 【看】【到】【贺】【赢】【律】，【贺】【母】【就】【觉】【得】【高】【兴】，【连】【忙】【抱】【住】【这】【个】【小】【不】【点】，“【小】【律】【想】【奶】【奶】【了】【没】【有】！” “【想】【了】。” 【贺】【赢】【律】【伸】【手】【抱】【抱】【贺】【母】。 “【奶】【奶】
【托】【密】【勒】【闭】【上】【双】【眼】，【双】【手】【垂】【直】【于】【身】【体】。 【他】【均】【匀】【的】【呼】【吸】【着】【混】【杂】【焦】【糊】【味】，【灼】【热】【蒸】【汽】，【冷】【冽】【寒】【风】【的】【空】【气】。 【拉】【穆】【尔】【远】【远】【看】【到】【托】【密】【勒】【闭】【眼】，【站】【立】【不】【动】，【心】【中】【窃】【喜】：“【那】【个】【小】【子】【看】【样】【子】【是】【放】【弃】【挣】【扎】【了】，【托】【密】【勒】，【等】【你】【死】【了】，【我】【就】【能】【堂】【而】【皇】【之】【的】【指】【挥】【布】【拉】【达】【城】【部】【队】！” 【十】【几】【个】【士】【兵】【举】【着】【铁】【剑】，【跑】【过】【去】【准】【备】【刺】【向】【托】【密】【勒】【的】【喉】【咙】。